Convolutional Neural Networks: Basic Concepts and Applications in Manufacturing

Image credit: Shengli Jiang


We discuss basic concepts of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and outline uses in manufacturing. We begin by discussing how different types of data objects commonly encountered in manufacturing (e.g., time series, images, micrographs, videos, spectra, molecular structures) can be represented in a flexible manner using tensors and graphs. We then discuss how CNNs use convolution operations to extract informative features (e.g., geometric patterns and textures) from the such representations to predict emergent properties and phenomena and/or to identify anomalies. We also discuss how CNNs can exploit color as a key source of information, which enables the use of modern computer vision hardware (e.g., infrared, thermal, and hyperspectral cameras). We illustrate the concepts using diverse case studies arising in spectral analysis, molecule design, sensor design, image-based control, and multivariate process monitoring.

arXiv preprint arXiv:2210.07848
Shengli Jiang
Shengli Jiang
Postdoctoral Associate

My research interests include molecular modeling, machine learning, and materials design.